Marilla Ricker's portrait deserves a place in the NH State House. Your donation made it possible.
Governor Maggie Hassan spoke just before unveiling the portrait. To right of the portrait is the third member of the self-appointed ad hoc committee to raise the funds for the portrait, Sara McNeil, who is a board member of the League of Women Voters of the Kearsarge/Sunapee Area. (Unable to attend the event was Mary Davies, who served as our treasurer for the project.)
We succeeded! Thanks to the donations of 80 people and organizations, Marilla's portrait now hangs in the NH State House, officially unveiled on Monday, May 16, 2016. Governor Margaret Hassan spoke, as did the ad hoc committee consisting of League members Liz Tentarelli and Sara McNeil and NH Women's Bar Assn. member Joni Esperian Esq. Rep. Renny Cushing, the bill's prime sponsor, also spoke. The Governor and the artist, Kate Gridley, together unveiled the portrait before a crown of 100+. The unveiling was followed by an informal and very breezy reception on the State House Plaza.
MARILLA MARKS YOUNG RICKER, ESQ.
Ricker (1840 - 1920) was born in New Durham, NH. She became known nationally as a suffragist, attorney, author, free-thinker and humanitarian. In Dover in 1870, Ricker became the first NH woman to try to vote. She was denied a ballot, but for the next 50 years she kept trying to vote.
Ricker studied law to fight society's oppression of women and the poor. She passed the District of Columbia bar exam in 1882 "with the highest grade of all who were admitted at the time" (all others were men). Her law practice was mostly pro bono work on behalf of the poor and incarcerated. Returning to NH, Attorney Ricker petitioned the NH Supreme Court to practice law. When she was denied because she was female, she sued and won, but Ricker never joined the NH Bar.
At age 70, Ricker tried to run as a Republican candidate for governor. Her filing papers were refused because, as a woman, she was not registered to vote and thus not allowed to run. Ricker's tireless work for women's rights paved the way for the many NH women who would later hold public office. She died on November 12, 1920, just months after the 19th Amendment granted women the vote.
In her actions, words and work Marilla Ricker was an early advocate of equality and justice for all.
For a more thorough description of Ricker's life and accomplishments, the 2002 thesis project by LeeAnn Richey at Stanford University is an excellent compilation from original sources. Click here to read the pdf
The NH Legislature authorized the installation of her portrait in the State House. After nearly a year's work, LWVNH and the NH Women's Bar Assn have raised the funds to have it painted and installed (see above).
Thank you to all the donors who made this portrait and recognition possible!
New Hampshire Public Radio also had a spot on August 10. Their website includes a photo of Marilla Ricker, one of several the artist will use to generate the portrait. See the photo and listen to the 4-minute interview
Boston Globe May 16, 2016, article League of Women Voters NH and the NH Women's Bar Association formed an ad hoc to raise the funds for the portrait.
Click on the pdf after each question to see whether you are right and to learn more about Marilla Ricker and other ground-breaking NH women.
1. Who was the first female governor of New Hampshire?
A. Jeanne ShaheenClick here for the answer
B. Maggie Hassan
C. Vesta Roy
D. Marilla Ricker
2. When were women in NH allowed to vote?
3. Who was the first woman in NH to attempt to vote?
A. Susan B. Anthony
B. Marilla Ricker
4. When did Marilla Ricker first cast a ballot?
5. When were women first allowed to practice law in New Hampshire?
6. What is the Marilla Ricker Award?
A. a prize for the woman who is first in line to vote
B. a prize for the woman who refuses to give up in the face of adversity
C. a prize awarded annually to a woman attorney by the NH Women's Bar Association
7. When did the League of Women Voters form in New Hampshire?